TNOTNO, The Netherland's Organisation of Applied Scientific Research, is an independent not-for-profit research organisation in the Netherlands, whose expertise and research make an important contribution to the competitiveness of companies and organisations, to the economy and to the quality of society as a whole. TNO has about 3500 employees working in main research areas, energy is a leading theme. TNO's mission is to support industry and society in general in transforming (scientific) knowledge into applicable products and processes of economic and societal value. TNO participates and has participated, both as coordinator and partner, in a large number of national and international research programmes, including many FP6 and FP7-projects.

TNO's Role in ELECTRA IRP: TNO will bring in the background and expertise through their experience with control in Smart Grids in utilities projects. In earlier projects, TNO developed technologies for Voltage Stability (Voltage Instability Detector,, Supply and Demand Matching (PowerMatcher, and Frequency Support (VSG - Virtual Synchronous Generator, that will serve as a basis for TNO's contribution in this project.
In the Smart Energy System Group TNO works on the development, enhancement and validation of voltage and frequency stability algorithms (time scale milliseconds), local balancing algorithms (time scale tens of seconds to minutes), voltage stability algorithms (time scale minutes to tens of minutes), and system wide Supply and Demand Matching techniques (time scale minutes to tens of minutes).
As enablers for these technologies TNO also works on the development and implementation of ICT architectures for Energy Services Management, the commercial introduction of Smart Grid flexibility, i.e developing services and describing business cases. Furthermore, TNO has in-depth experience from standardisation activities, in particular in the field of telecommunication.

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Key Personnel Involved: Visscher K., Kok K.